Which Statement Describes the Result of the Treaty of Ghent Which Ended the War of 1812

Home/Which Statement Describes the Result of the Treaty of Ghent Which Ended the War of 1812

The only real losers in the war were the Native Nations of North America, which were defeated in two wars related to the War of 1812: the Tecumseh War in the Old Northwest and the Creek War in the Old Southwest. American success in these wars opened the door to westward expansion and threatened indigenous peoples and their way of life east of the Mississippi. In Britain`s efforts to control the world`s oceans, the British Royal Navy interfered with American maritime rights and cut american trade during the Napoleonic Wars. In response, the young Republic of Great Britain declared war on 18 June 1812. The two main causes of the war were British orders in council, which limited American trade with Europe, and the Royal Navy`s impressive practice of withdrawing sailors from American merchant ships to fill the crews of its own chronically undermanned warships. Under the authority of the decrees, the British seized about 400 American merchant ships and their cargoes between 1807 and 1812. Although press gangs targeted British subjects for naval service, they also swept 6,000 to 9,000 Americans into the crews of British ships between 1803 and 1812. Some of the impressed sailors were born in British possessions but had emigrated to the United States, while many others had obtained citizenship that was in question or simply could not be documented. The War of 1812 may have been a small war, but it left a deep and enduring legacy that echoed throughout history and can still be felt today.

1.) The War of 1812 changed the course of American history. Because America had managed to virtually paralyze the world`s greatest military power, it gained international respect. In addition, it has given its citizens a greater sense of nationalism. This prompted James Monroe and John Quincy Adams to write the Monroe Doctrine, the first articulation of foreign policy in the nation. The entire period following the War of 1812, under the presidency of James Monroe, is called the “era of good feeling” for the reasons mentioned above. American armies invaded Canada three times in 1812, but all three campaigns ended in failure. One army surrendered to Detroit at the western end of Lake Erie, a second army surrendered to Queenston Heights at the other end of the lake, and a third army withdrew north of New York After little more than one battle. A similar multi-pronged invasion went better in 1813, but only in the West, where an American victory over Lake Erie paved the way for a land victory over the Thames in Upper Canada that restored American hegemony throughout the region. But further east, U.S. forces have made little progress.

If the land war went worse than the Americans expected, it went surprisingly well at sea, at least initially. At the beginning of the war, the new nation won a series of single-ship duels between American and British warships. The four successful cruises that the USS Constitution undertook during the war were particularly noteworthy. The frigate invaded a large British squadron in 1812, then defeated four Ships of the Royal Navy in battle. Constitution also earned its nickname “Old Ironsides” when round fire in a duel with HMS Guerriere appeared to bounce off the ship`s 22-inch-thick hull. An American sailor exclaimed, “Huzza! Their pages are made of iron! Soon after, the Constitution became known as the “Ironsides,” which over time became “Old Ironsides.” American privateers also wreaked havoc on British shipping at the beginning of the war. With only 16 warships, the United States could not directly challenge the Royal Navy, which had 500 ships in service in 1812. Instead, the new nation targeted Canada, hoping to use the conquest of British territory as a bargaining chip to obtain concessions on maritime issues. Most Americans assumed that the conquest of Canada would be, in the words of former President Thomas Jefferson, “a matter of walking.” The United States enjoyed a huge demographic advantage over Canada – from 7.7 million to 500,000 – and it was widely accepted in America that American troops would be welcome as liberators.

But events did not unfold as the Americans expected. Waging war at the end of vast supply lines over the vast distances of the North American wilderness was not an easy task. The British and their allies in the Indigenous nations of North America proved to be a formidable enemy. In the end, however, British naval power held. The British used their navy to ship troops to Canada, supply them, block and attack the American coast. The blockade has had a devastating impact on the United States. Economy and public finances, and also kept most of the American warships in port. The British convoy system, in which warships escorted merchant ships, reduced the success of American privateers.

In addition, the British equalized the score in individual ship duels by defeating the USS Chesapeake, the USS Essex and the USS President. In the end, the War of 1812 ended in a draw on the battlefield, and the peace treaty reflected that. The Treaty of Ghent was signed on 24 December 1814 in present-day Belgium and entered into force on 17 February 1815 after both parties ratified it. This agreement provided for a return to the status quo ante bellum, which meant that the antagonists agreed to return to the pre-war state and restore all conquered territories. The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain. Peace negotiations began in August 1814 in Ghent, Belgium. The American peace commissioners were John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Albert Gallatin, James A. Bayard, Sr., and Jonathan Russell. After four months of talks, the treaty was signed on December 24, 1814. The Senate unanimously ratified the Treaty of Ghent on 16 February 1815.

2.) The Federalist Party, founded by Alexander Hamilton, once the dominant political party in America, declined sharply after the War of 1812. Its members had spoken out against a war with Britain. The War of 1812 brought the young United States into a war against Britain, whose American colonies had gained independence in 1783. The conflict was a byproduct of the broader conflict between Britain and France over who would rule Europe and the entire world. Did you know? After the British burned down the White House during the War of 1812, President James Madison and his wife could not live there. Madison`s successor, James Monroe, returned to the White House in 1817 while it was still under reconstruction. In the months following the U.S. declaration of war, U.S. forces launched a three-point invasion of Canada, all of which were repulsed. At sea, however, the United States was more successful, and the USS Constitution and other American frigates achieved a series of victories over British warships.

In 1813, American forces won several important victories in the Great Lakes region, but Britain regained control of the sea and blocked the east coast. 3.) Although the War of 1812 had virtually no effect in England, it ensured the survival of the British colonies in Canada and eventually paved the way for Canadian Confederation – the forerunner of the Canadian nation. Some historians believe that if the War of 1812 had not taken place, Canada would have become part of the United States because so many Americans would have migrated north. The War of 1812 took place between the United States and Great Britain between 1812 and 1814. America declared war on Britain for five reasons: 2.) Britain began stopping American seagoing ships and forcing subjects on ships in the British army. This practice was called “printing”. The British justified this practice by the idea that American soldiers, once subjects of the king, were still subjects of the king. 5.) Britain controlled much of Canada and many Americans simply wanted to drive the British out of the North American continent and expand America`s borders. Both sides could claim victory, the British, because they clung to Canada and their maritime rights, and the United States, because only the struggle against the “conqueror of Napoleon” and the “mistress of the seas” in a draw justified their sovereignty and deserved the respect of Europe. As British diplomat Augustus J. Foster admitted at the end of the war: “The Americans.

made us talk about them with respect. The war was fraught with a variety of other consequences. He laid the foundation for Canada`s emergence as an independent nation and prompted the British to seek peaceful relations with the United States for the rest of the 19th century and beyond. He also helped forge the United States into a nation. Americans were able to celebrate their victories on the high seas, on Lake Erie and Lake Champlain, as well as in Fort McHenry and New Orleans. These victories introduced new American heroes (including Oliver H. Perry and Dolley Madison) and future presidents of the United States (William Henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson), developed new expressions (including “We met the enemy and they belong to us” and “Don`t abandon ship!”), established American symbols (USS Constitution, the flag of Fort McHenry and Uncle Sam), and inspired a patriotic song, which eventually became the national anthem (“The Star-Spangled Banner”). .